Walnut Iowa Lumber Products
Walnut is one of the most versatile and popular cabinet making woods. It grows in Europe, America and Asia. There are many different varieties.
Properties: Walnut is strong, hard and durable, without being excessively heavy. It has excellent woodworking qualities, and takes finishes well. The wood is light to dark chocolate brown in color with a straight grain in the trunk. Wavy grain is present toward the roots, and walnut stumps are often dug out and used as a source of highly figured veneer. Large burls are common. Walnut solids and veneers show a wide range of figures, including strips, burls, mottles, crotches, curls and butts. European walnut is lighter in color and slightly finer in texture than American black walnut, but otherwise comparable.
There are 115 species of maple. Only 5 commercially important species grow in the U.S. Two of the five are hard rock maple and sugar maple.
Properties: Maple is so hard and resistant to shocks that it is often used for bowling alley floors. Its diffuse evenly sized pores give the wood a fine texture and even grain. Maple that has a curly grain is often used for violin backs (the pattern formed is known as fiddleback figure). Burls, leaf figure, and birds-eye figures found in maple are used extensively for veneers. The Birds eye figure in maple is said to be the result of stunted growth and is quite rare.
The sapwood of red oak is white to light brown and the heartwood is a pinkish red to reddish brown. The wood grain is similar in general appearance to white oak. The wood is mostly straight grained, with a coarse texture that is used for interior millwork, doors, cabinetry, flooring and furniture.
Soft Maple lumber
Which is sawn species known as Red Maple. Soft Maple lumber tends to have creamy white to white sapwood and light reddish brown heartwood. The heartwood varies from light to dark reddish brown. Soft Maple is usually straight-grained with an even texture. Soft Maple wood is relatively stable once kiln dried and is an excellent choice for furniture, cabinetry, millwork and flooring uses.
White Oak Lumber
Known for being a heavier and more substantial wood than red oak, closed cells make white oak lumber ideal for wine barrels, interior millwork, furniture, flooring and industrial applications. The sapwood of American white oak is light colored and the heartwood is light to dark brown. White oak lumber is mostly straight grained with a medium to coarse texture.
The color of hickory lumber can vary from brown to reddish brown. Hickory lumber is generally straight grained, but can be wavy or irregular with a somewhat coarse texture. The characteristic ‘bird pecks’ give Hickory a rustic appearance. Hickory lumber is very hard, stiff, dense and shock resistance and it also has steam bending properties. There are woods that are stronger than Hickory and woods that are harder, but the combination of strength, toughness, hardness and stiffness found in Hickory lumber is not found in any other commercial wood.